The past decade have witnessed a rise in EV sales like never before. With Tesla leading the forefront in electric vehicle innovation and production, many UK And German Companies are also starting to follow the foot steps. Practically, it can save you considerable fuel cash depending on where you live. And now, a research paper suggest that going all in on electric can significantly reduce the overall emissions In the UK.
This paper investigates that expansion of the use of electric cars on the environment; a situation in which all of the lightweight vehicles that use an internal combustion engine are replaced by electric cars in Scotland. The idea is to estimate whether it would have a positive impact on the environment. The methodology is based on analyzing the most common electric and conventional vehicles helped to estimate the amount of additional electricity that would be needed to charge that expansion.
Broadly speaking, a review of the literature shows that in most cases BEVs have lower life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions than ICEVs. In general, GHG emissions associated with the raw materials acquisition and processing and thevehicle production stages of BEVs are higher than for ICEVs, but this is typically more than offset by lower vehicle in-usestage emissions, depending on the electricity generation source used to charge the vehicle batteries. The importance of theelectricity generation source used to charge the vehicle batteries is not to be understated: one study found that the carbonintensity of the electricity generation mix could explain 70% of the variability in life cycle results
The paper has also looked at the running costs. The results show that approximately 4,066 GWh per year of additional electricity will be needed to compensate for such expansion. With that rise in electricity production, the amount of carbon emissions from the electrical grid will increase slightly by 0.47 megatons CO2 per year. Given that the carbon dioxide generated by the light internal combustion vehicles at the moment is 3.6 megatons of CO2 per year, it is concluded that the total amount of greenhouse gases will decrease if all electric cars in Scotland are replaced by electric cars. The initial cost of an electric car is found to be higher than the conventional one, but in the long term, recharging an electric vehicle will be much cheaper.
Increased deployment of battery electric vehicles (BEVs) and other alternative-fueled vehicles in the United States could have a variety of effects on energy security, the economy, and the environment. In an effort to address certain environmental concerns, including climate change, some Members of Congress and some stakeholder interest groups have expressed interest in the promotion of these technologies—specifically BEV technologies. This interest may include an analysis of the environmental effects of BEVs from a systems perspective, commonly referred toes “life cycle assessment” (LCA).Practitioners of LCAs strive to be comprehensive in their analyses, and the environmental effects modeled by many rely on a set of boundaries referred to as “cradle-to-grave.” Cradle-to-grave assessments in the transportation sector model the environmental effects associated with the “complete” life cycle of a vehicle and its fuel. This consists of the vehicle’s raw material acquisition and processing, production, use, and end-of-life options, and the fuel’s acquisition, processing, transmission, and use. LCA practitioners focus on a variety of potential environmental effects, including global warming potential, air pollution potential, human health and ecosystem effects, and resource consumption.