Reducing global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in order to avoid dangerous levels of climate change will require the deployment of low-carbon technologies and measures across all world regions, and across all economic sectors within these regions. This area of the AVOID 2 research programme will use a range of models representing the supply and use of energy throughout the economy, as well as industrial and agricultural processes which emit GHGs, to understand which combinations of low-carbon technologies are most cost-effective in meeting current and future economic demand whilst keeping within specified GHG limits. The model outputs will be stress-tested in order to determine the real-world feasibility of achieving rapid GHG emissions reduction rates throughout the 21st century, by considering historical energy technology transformations, infrastructure requirements and behavioural barriers to the adoption of new technologies. The results of this research area will provide new insights into the overall achievability of different emissions reduction targets.
Infographic: What will it take to achieve 2°C?